Peppers Nutmegs, and Cloves Trial #2

Peppers, the most commonly used spice used today originated in India, from the Piper Nigrum (A pretty weird name for a tree if you ask me) Did you know that the Piper Nigrum can grow up to 20 feet tall, and can produce red globular fruits for 40 years under the right conditions!
One vine of the tree can produce 10 Kg of pepper spices each season!!!
¾ of all of the spices from the peppers, or the peppers themselves produced are sold as black pepper, the most common of the spices.
Its kind of bizarre to know that Pepper spices were once used, or still used for medical purposes, but over in Rome was where spices flourished in the beautiful sunset, and made life the perfect utopia; peppers were not only for medical purposes, but in their food too for taste or flavor enhancer and preservations. :@ The peppers were also used to disguise the foul smell of dried foods, and reduce the salty taste
These spices are so affordable to working, and middle class, because the invention of refrigerator caused a chain reaction; since there was no need for spices as preservations
(Which unfortunately was the major reason spices were so expensive) the only reason why anyone would want to buy the spices was for their piping fire mouth explosive flavor enhancers, which caused the demand for these peppers to drop expeditiously, the same way Salt became when refrigeration took its place.
The age of Discovery erupted through the air when the demand for peppercorn grew expeditiously, and then many countries were considering possibilities to competing routes to India, maybe around Africa. The Portuguese finally established a path around the Cape of Good Hope in 1498. The Portuguese took over the spice trade in Calicut after a 5 year interval when the Indians wanted gold for their peppercorns, which lead to the conflict, leaving the Portuguese victorious. The black and white peppers built the great mosquito stricken city of Venice, (XP) and also sent Christopher Columbus on his journey in which he discovered the Americas!!! The active ingredient that made all that happen is none other than… Piperine(C17H19O3N)
Research have proved that the hot, spicy, great sensation we all feel from these peppers are not actually a taste, so when we say “ Oh, this taste so goooood!!” sorry, but you’re wrong in a way; however, its actually a response to our pain nerves to a chemical stimulus. Scientist have hypothesized that the Piperine compound can fit into a protein and attach to the pain nerves, change shape which then sends the “Ow, that’s hot” sensation.
Within one species of chili peppers, there are many, many manymanymanymanymanymany variations. There can be capsicum annuum (C18H27O3N), which are found in bell peppers, sweet peppers, pimentos, banana peppers, paprika, cayenne peppers, and many more. There can also be Zingerone (C11H14O), which are found in the stems of ginger plants, and are argued to be hotter than capsicum annuum, or visa versa. Maybe the reasons why we like these compounds, even though they torture us with pain and agony is based on chemical reasons. These molecules increases the productions of saliva in the mouth, and helps to aid the digestive system in… well digesting!
Have you ever rubbed your eyes while cutting up chili peppers? What did you feel moments later after the removal of your hand? You get this hot tingling sensation, also known as heat. The color, size, and region of origin all affect the “hotness” of the chili pepper. These are not always reliable, small peppers are usu involved with heat, yet large one are not always the mildest. Peppers are usu the hottest when dried out. A great deal of satisfaction after eating the peppers are common among addicts, and this is because endorphins are naturally produced due to pain; so the hotter the chili, the more the more pain, so the greater amount of endorphins all in all concludes to a greater pleasurable feeling!
Later in History, Portuguese and Amsterdam both became the major pepper (mainly Piperine compounds) trading ports in Europe. The East India Company started the first model version of the stock market we invest in today. The government took risks in investing in voyages, because they were unsure in the they’d come back with high value shiploads of Piperine spices, so merchants bided on “Shares” on a voyage, which leads to buying shares of companies, which also lead to beginning of capitalism.
The main opponent in cloves oils was “Eugenol” and Nutmegs “Isoeugenol”, these two molecules differ only from the position of a double bonds, even though from different trees. These compounds along with the ones found in the peppers are natural pesticides, and are very potent. Cloves were used a breath sweeteners for the Chinese imperial courts, are valued as a powerful antiseptic and a remedy for toothaches. Nutmegs were used medicinally in China, to treat rheumatism, and stomach pains. In Europe, they were used to try to ward off diseases, most common for the Black Death, which swept over Europe in 1347. The Dutch in later years were jerks, and pretty much savages at the time, so they pushed the Malaccans around a bit, but when the Malaccans would comply with them, the Dutch acted viciously, and took control of the clove trade, destroying the Spanish and Portuguese out posted still there. In 1667, a treaty proposed from the British to trade the British territory of Manhattan in return of the Dutch now claimed territory of the Banda Islands.
Nutmegs were the hardest to cultivate outside of its home, the Banda Islands, “The tree required rich, well moist, well drained, soil and hot, humid conditions away from the sun and strong winds, which is why Florida would be the perfect place for such a tree 😛
The Dutch took with them the Nutmeg spices, and while trying to transport them, they noticed that they need some variable to stop the nutmeg from sprouting, so they dipped the Nutmeg in lime, or Calcium Hydroxide to fix the problem. After the Dutch took with them the Nutmeg, the British finally got Nutmeg to grow in Singapore, the West Indies, and in the Caribbean island of Grenada (Florida weather!), AKA The Nutmeg Isle.

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